In general most golf clubs simply extend the previous year’s expenditure in preparing forward annual estimates of course maintenance costs. It is strange that in an enterprise where the income for the year can be fairly well estimated an agreed allocation towards course maintenance cannot be arrived at. The attitude of keeping the budget as […]
There are some basic requirements in a report that seeks approval in applications for funding : 1. The standard and intensity of use envisaged 2. The level of drainage eg drain immediately, 24hours, a few days 3. Topographical survey at least to 100mm contours 4. Soil survey of top 1m – for earthworks and drainage planning 5. Drainage strategy […]
Many have frowned on the application of nutrition in winter – especially nitrogen. Observing the establishment of a new golf tee that had suffered from inadequate nutrition in the autumn there was healthy and vigorous growth in the location of rabbit droppings. The grasses sown were a bent and fescue mixture.
Creating adequate surface gradient on sports pitches has been found to be vital to promote surface drainage. However, existing built-up surroundings and reasonably level locations often make this endeavour impractical. There are countless examples of cambering pitches in the US and there is limited adoption in some premier football clubs in the UK. Nevertheless, this […]
Standing water is everywhere – but January and February are always wet months and floods are expected in many parts of the country. All low lying areas are at risk and expanses of water are evident on much of the flat ground. A study of the aftermath gives us valuable information from which to make […]
Water standing, causing ponds and consequent muddy conditions on pitches is a common problem on English clay loam soils. Invariably the problem arises from water not being able to penetrate the surface and undulations or lack of adequate gradient preventing any surface drainage. Before installing any form of drainage installation, the three initial most important […]
Gordon Jaaback This article is a follow up to the original article Restricting drainage outfall from reconstructed football pitches Abstract Rain falls invariably at a greater rate than the infiltration rate of the grassed sports pitch surface yet run-off does not commence until all abstractions (initial retention and storage) are complete. The grass species, height […]