As we have seen, the durability of the playing surface has been severely tested at the Twickenham Rugby World Cup venue. A strong dominant ryegrass sward with its deep root system provides a quality grass cover that is able to withstand the considerable abuse experienced in recent weeks. Without this dominance of ryegrass in the grass cover, shallow rooted invading annual meadow grass is quick to cut up and render a playing surface near unplayable – as we often see in so many top football and rugby pitches. Annual renovation is essential to remove this invading species – following with de-compaction, over-seeding and establishing the ryegrass cover before the season begins. Furthermore, a well planned nutrition programme is then vital to create the desired vigour and density.